Improved Constraints on H 0 from a Combined Analysis of Gravitational-wave and Electromagnetic Emission from GW170817
The luminosity distance measurement of GW170817 derived from gravitational-wave analysis in Abbott et al. (2017a, hereafter A17:H0) is highly correlated with the measured inclination of the NS-NS system. To improve the precision of the distance measurement, we attempt to constrain the inclination by modeling the broadband X-ray-to-radio emission from GW170817, which is dominated by the interaction of the jet with the environment. We update our previous analysis and we consider the radio and X-ray data obtained at t < 40 days since merger. We find that the afterglow emission from GW170817 is consistent with an off-axis relativistic jet with energy E k ∼ 1048 -3 1050 erg propagating into an environment with density n ∼ 10-2-10-4 cm-3, with preference for wider jets (opening angle θ j = 15°). For these jets, our modeling indicates an off-axis angle θ obs ∼ 25°-50°. We combine our constraints on θ obs with the joint distance-inclination constraint from LIGO. Using the same ∼170 km s-1 peculiar velocity uncertainty assumed in A17:H0 but with an inclination constraint from the afterglow data, we get a value of km s-1 Mpc-1, which is higher than the value of km s-1 Mpc-1 found in A17:H0. Further, using a more realistic peculiar velocity uncertainty of 250 km s-1 derived from previous work, we find km s-1 Mpc-1 for H 0 from this system. This is in modestly better agreement with the local distance ladder than the Planck cosmic microwave background, though such a significant discrimination will require ∼50 such events. Measurements at t > 100 days of the X-ray and radio emission will lead to tighter constraints.
Guidorzi, C; Margutti, R; Brout, D; Scolnic, D; Fong, W; Alexander, KD; Cowperthwaite, PS; Annis, J; Berger, E; Blanchard, PK; Chornock, R; Coppejans, DL; Eftekhari, T; Frieman, JA; Huterer, D; Nicholl, M; Soares-Santos, M; Terreran, G; Villar, VA; Williams, PKG
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