PS1-10bzj: A fast, hydrogen-poor superluminous supernova in a metal-poor host galaxy

Published

Journal Article

We present observations and analysis of PS1-10bzj, a superluminous supernova (SLSN) discovered in the Pan-STARRS Medium Deep Survey at a redshift z = 0.650. Spectroscopically, PS1-10bzj is similar to the hydrogen-poor SLSNe 2005ap and SCP 06F6, though with a steeper rise and lower peak luminosity (M bol ≃ -21.4 mag) than previous events. We construct a bolometric light curve, and show that while PS1-10bzj's energetics were less extreme than previous events, its luminosity still cannot be explained by radioactive nickel decay alone. We explore both a magnetar spin-down and circumstellar interaction scenario and find that either can fit the data. PS1-10bzj is located in the Extended Chandra Deep Field South and the host galaxy is imaged in a number of surveys, including with the Hubble Space Telescope. The host is a compact dwarf galaxy (M B ≈ -18 mag, diameter ≲ 800 pc), with a low stellar mass (M * ≈ 2.4 × 10 7 M odot; ), young stellar population (τ * ≈ 5 Myr), and a star formation rate of ∼2-3 M odot; yr -1 . The specific star formation rate is the highest seen in an SLSN host so far (∼100 Gyr -1 ). We detect the [O III] λ4363 line, and find a low metallicity: 12 + (O/H) = 7.8 ± 0.2 (≃ 0.1 Z odot; ). Together, this indicates that at least some of the progenitors of SLSNe come from young, low-metallicity populations. © 2013. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved..

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lunnan, R; Chornock, R; Berger, E; Milisavljevic, D; Drout, M; Sanders, NE; Challis, PM; Czekala, I; Foley, RJ; Fong, W; Huber, ME; Kirshner, RP; Leibler, C; Marion, GH; McCrum, M; Narayan, G; Rest, A; Roth, KC; Scolnic, D; Smartt, SJ; Smith, K; Soderberg, AM; Stubbs, CW; Tonry, JL; Burgett, WS; Chambers, KC; Kudritzki, RP; Magnier, EA; Price, PA

Published Date

  • July 10, 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 771 / 2

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1538-4357

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0004-637X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1088/0004-637X/771/2/97

Citation Source

  • Scopus