Correlation of Color Fundus Photograph Grading with Risks of Early Age-related Macular Degeneration by using Automated OCT-derived Drusen Measurements.
We evaluated automated OCT-derived drusen volume measures in a population-based study (n = 4,512) aged ≥40 years, and its correlation with conventional color fundus photographs (CFP)-derived early AMD features. Participants had protocol-based assessment to capture medical and ocular history, genotyping for SNPs in CFH, ARMS2, and CETP, CFP-based AMD grading and automated drusen volume based on SD-OCT using built-in software (Cirrus OCT advanced RPE analysis software). Significantly fewer eyes with early AMD features (drusen, hyperpigmentation, soft or reticular drusen) had drusen volume = 0 mm3 (p < 0.001). In eyes with drusen volume > 0 mm3, increasing AMD severity was associated with increase in drusen volume (correlation coefficient 0.17, p < 0.001). However 220 (59.14%) of 372 participants with AMD based on CFP grading had drusen volume = 0 mm3. Factors associated with drusen volume included age (OR 1.42 per 5 years, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.76, 4.48), systolic blood pressure (OR1.00, 95% CI 1.00, 1.01), ethnic Malay (OR 1.54, 95% CI 1.29, 1.83) and Chinese (OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.37, 2.01) compared to Indian. The ARMS2 rs10490924 T allele was associated with increased drusen volume in subjects with AMD (multivariable adjusted OR1.54, 95% CI 1.08, 2.19). Automated OCT-derived drusen volume is correlated with CFP-based AMD grading in many, but not all subjects. However the agreement is not good. These two modalities provide complementary information and should be incorporated into future studies.
Cheung, CMG; Shi, Y; Tham, YC; Sabanayagam, C; Neelam, K; Wang, JJ; Mitchell, P; Cheng, C-Y; Wong, TY; Cheung, CYL
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