Most Military Service Members Return to Activity Duty With Limitations After Surgery for Femoroacetabular Impingement Syndrome: A Systematic Review.
PURPOSE: Determine which proportion of active-duty service members return to duty (RTD), RTD without limitations, which surgical intervention returns these personnel at a better proportion and with the ability to perform their military duties after surgery compared with the pre-injury state. METHODS: A computer-assisted search of MEDLINE, EMBASE and SCOPUS databases was performed with keywords related to RTD for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were used for study methodology. Methodologic quality of individual studies was assessed with the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies scale. RESULTS: A total of 5 studies (884 service members/886 hips) qualified for inclusion. Limited evidence from level III to IV studies indicates that service members RTD at a proportion ranging from 57% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 53% to 62%) to 84% (95% CI: 73% to 91%), but only 39% (95% CI: 35% to 44%) to 59% (95% CI: 49% to 69%) do so without limitations. Mean duration of follow-up was 33.2 ± 11.3 months. No studies reported on actual duty requirements before versus after surgery, RTD criteria, or career longevity. Only 1 of 5 studies reported the RTD time-frame (mean 5 months). Only 2 of 5 studies reported complications, with a rate of 9.4% ± 6.3%. Three of 5 studies reported failures at a rate of 7.2% ± 4.7%, respectively. Femoroplasty (mean 56% of procedures in 4 studies) and acetabuloplasty (mean 55% of procedures in 4 studies) were the most commonly used procedures in studies reporting. CONCLUSIONS: RTD is poorly defined in the included studies. Limited evidence substantiates that approximately 75% of service members remain on active duty for at least 1 to 2 years after surgery for FAI syndrome, whereas only approximately 47% do so without limitations at mid-term follow-up. Similarly, despite improvements in patient-reported outcome measures, service members still report continued pain and functional limitations after FAI syndrome surgery. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, systematic review of Level III and IV studies.
Reiman, MP; Peters, S; Rhon, DI
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