Protein Phosphatase 1α and Cofilin Regulate Nuclear Translocation of NF-κB and Promote Expression of the Anti-Inflammatory Cytokine Interleukin-10 by T Cells.

Published online

Journal Article

While several protein serine/threonine kinases control cytokine production by T cells, the roles of serine/threonine phosphatases are largely unexplored. Here, we analyzed the involvement of protein phosphatase 1α (PP1α) in cytokine synthesis following costimulation of primary human T cells. Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of PP1α (PP1KD) or expression of a dominant negative PP1α (D95N-PP1) drastically diminished interleukin-10 (IL-10) production. Focusing on a key transcriptional activator of human IL-10, we demonstrate that nuclear translocation of NF-κB was significantly inhibited in PP1KD or D95N-PP1 cells. Interestingly, knockdown of cofilin, a known substrate of PP1 containing a nuclear localization signal, also prevented nuclear accumulation of NF-κB. Expression of a constitutively active nonphosphorylatable S3A-cofilin in D95N-PP1 cells restored nuclear translocation of NF-κB and IL-10 expression. Subpopulation analysis revealed that defective nuclear translocation of NF-κB was most prominent in CD4+ CD45RA- CXCR3- T cells that included IL-10-producing TH2 cells. Together these findings reveal novel functions for PP1α and its substrate cofilin in T cells namely the regulation of the nuclear translocation of NF-κB and promotion of IL-10 production. These data suggest that stimulation of PP1α could limit the overwhelming immune responses seen in chronic inflammatory diseases.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wabnitz, GH; Kirchgessner, H; Jahraus, B; Umansky, L; Shenolikar, S; Samstag, Y

Published Date

  • November 15, 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 22

PubMed ID

  • 30181394

Pubmed Central ID

  • 30181394

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-5549

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/MCB.00041-18

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States