Development of a Preoperative Predictive Model for Reaching the Oswestry Disability Index Minimal Clinically Important Difference for Adult Spinal Deformity Patients.
(Journal Article;Multicenter Study)
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospective multicenter adult spinal deformity (ASD) database. OBJECTIVE: To create a model based on baseline demographic, radiographic, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and surgical factors that can predict patients meeting the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) minimal clinically important difference (MCID) at the two-year postoperative follow-up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgical correction of ASD can result in significant improvement in disability as measured by ODI, with the goal of reaching at least one MCID. However, a predictive model for reaching MCID following ASD correction does not exist. METHODS: ASD patients ≥18 years and baseline ODI ≥ 30 were included. Initial training of the model comprised forty-three variables including demographic data, comorbidities, modifiable surgical variables, baseline HRQOL, and coronal/sagittal radiographic parameters. Patients were grouped by whether or not they reached at least one ODI MCID at two-year follow-up. Decision trees were constructed using the C5.0 algorithm with five different bootstrapped models. Internal validation was accomplished via a 70:30 data split for training and testing each model, respectively. Final predictions from the models were chosen by voting with random selection for tied votes. Overall accuracy, and the area under a receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were calculated. RESULTS: 198 patients were included (MCID: 109, No-MCID: 89). Overall model accuracy was 86.0%, with an AUC of 0.94. The top 11 predictors of reaching MCID were gender, Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) activity subscore, back pain, sagittal vertical axis (SVA), pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis mismatch (PI-LL), primary version revision, T1 spinopelvic inclination angle (T1SPI), American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade, T1 pelvic angle (T1PA), SRS pain, SRS total. CONCLUSIONS: A successful model was built predicting ODI MCID. Most important predictors were not modifiable surgical parameters, indicating that baseline clinical and radiographic status is a critical factor for reaching ODI MCID. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II.
Scheer, JK; Osorio, JA; Smith, JS; Schwab, F; Hart, RA; Hostin, R; Lafage, V; Jain, A; Burton, DC; Bess, S; Ailon, T; Protopsaltis, TS; Klineberg, EO; Shaffrey, CI; Ames, CP; International Spine Study Group,
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