Intrarater and interrater reliability and validity in the assessment of the mechanism of injury and integrity of the posterior ligamentous complex: a novel injury severity scoring system for thoracolumbar injuries. Invited submission from the Joint Section Meeting On Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, March 2005.

Published

Conference Paper

OBJECT: A new classification and treatment algorithm for thoracolumbar injuries was recently introduced by Vaccaro and colleagues in 2005. A thoracolumbar injury severity scale (TLISS) was proposed for grading and guiding treatment for these injuries. The scale is based on the following: 1) the mechanism of injury; 2) the integrity of the posterior ligamentous complex (PLC); and 3) the patient's neurological status. The reliability and validity of assessing injury mechanism and the integrity of the PLC was assessed. METHODS: Forty-eight spine surgeons, consisting of neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons, reviewed 56 clinical thoracolumbar injury case histories. Each was classified and scored to determine treatment recommendations according to a novel classification system. After 3 months the case histories were reordered and the physicians repeated the exercise. Validity of this classification was good among reviewers; the vast majority (> 90%) agreed with the system's treatment recommendations. Surgeons were unclear as to a cogent description of PLC disruption and fracture mechanism. CONCLUSIONS: The TLISS demonstrated acceptable reliability in terms of intra- and interobserver agreement on the algorithm's treatment recommendations. Replacing injury mechanism with a description of injury morphology and better definition of PLC injury will improve inter- and intraobserver reliability of this injury classification system.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Harrop, JS; Vaccaro, AR; Hurlbert, RJ; Wilsey, JT; Baron, EM; Shaffrey, CI; Fisher, CG; Dvorak, MF; Oner, FC; Wood, KB; Anand, N; Anderson, DG; Lim, MR; Lee, JY; Bono, CM; Arnold, PM; Rampersaud, YR; Fehlings, MG; Spine Trauma Study Group,

Published Date

  • February 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 4 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 118 - 122

PubMed ID

  • 16506478

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16506478

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1547-5646

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1547-5654

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3171/spi.2006.4.2.118