Inferior oblique muscle fixation to the orbital wall: a profound weakening procedure.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

INTRODUCTION: Recurrent or persistent inferior oblique overaction may occur after inferior oblique (IO) recession or anterior transposition. IO nasal and temporal myectomy and anterior-nasal transposition may result in undesirable IO palsy, exotropia, incyclotorsion, or limitation of elevation. Previous studies have shown that a rectus extraocular muscle may be profoundly weakened if the muscle insertion is reattached to adjacent orbital periosteum. We describe a reversible profound weakening surgical procedure of the IO muscle. METHODS: A total of 10 consecutive subjects with V-pattern strabismus and/or IO overaction underwent IO orbital fixation procedure by attaching its insertion to the periosteum of the lateral orbital wall. One subject was not included because short follow-up. Five subjects with persistent IO overaction after IO anterior transposition underwent bilateral IO orbital wall fixation. Four subjects with no previous IO surgery underwent unilateral IO orbital wall fixation; 3 of these 4 subjects had superior oblique palsy with a large vertical deviation in primary position and 1 had a V pattern with asymmetric IO overaction. RESULTS: V pattern significantly improved from 22(Delta) preoperatively to 7(Delta) postoperatively (p = 0.002). IO overaction improved from 2.5 (range, + 1.5 to + 4) to 0.1 (range, -2 to +3) postoperatively (p < 0.001). Six of 9 subjects had no residual overelevation in adduction postoperatively. Unilateral IO orbital fixation corrected 7(Delta) of vertical deviation in the primary position and 23(Delta) in adduction. Mean postoperative follow-up was 5 months. CONCLUSIONS: IO orbital fixation has a profound weakening effect on the IO muscle. Advantages of this procedure include reversibility and that it can be converted into another form of weakening procedure, if required.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ela-Dalman, N; Velez, FG; Felius, J; Stager, DR; Rosenbaum, AL

Published Date

  • February 2007

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 11 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 17 - 22

PubMed ID

  • 17307678

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1091-8531

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jaapos.2006.06.009


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States