Inferior oblique muscle fixation to the orbital wall: a profound weakening procedure.
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent or persistent inferior oblique overaction may occur after inferior oblique (IO) recession or anterior transposition. IO nasal and temporal myectomy and anterior-nasal transposition may result in undesirable IO palsy, exotropia, incyclotorsion, or limitation of elevation. Previous studies have shown that a rectus extraocular muscle may be profoundly weakened if the muscle insertion is reattached to adjacent orbital periosteum. We describe a reversible profound weakening surgical procedure of the IO muscle. METHODS: A total of 10 consecutive subjects with V-pattern strabismus and/or IO overaction underwent IO orbital fixation procedure by attaching its insertion to the periosteum of the lateral orbital wall. One subject was not included because short follow-up. Five subjects with persistent IO overaction after IO anterior transposition underwent bilateral IO orbital wall fixation. Four subjects with no previous IO surgery underwent unilateral IO orbital wall fixation; 3 of these 4 subjects had superior oblique palsy with a large vertical deviation in primary position and 1 had a V pattern with asymmetric IO overaction. RESULTS: V pattern significantly improved from 22(Delta) preoperatively to 7(Delta) postoperatively (p = 0.002). IO overaction improved from 2.5 (range, + 1.5 to + 4) to 0.1 (range, -2 to +3) postoperatively (p < 0.001). Six of 9 subjects had no residual overelevation in adduction postoperatively. Unilateral IO orbital fixation corrected 7(Delta) of vertical deviation in the primary position and 23(Delta) in adduction. Mean postoperative follow-up was 5 months. CONCLUSIONS: IO orbital fixation has a profound weakening effect on the IO muscle. Advantages of this procedure include reversibility and that it can be converted into another form of weakening procedure, if required.
Ela-Dalman, N; Velez, FG; Felius, J; Stager, DR; Rosenbaum, AL
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