Circulating endothelial cells in Kawasaki disease.


Journal Article

Recent reports have demonstrated that circulating endothelial cells (CECs) are observed in several diseases with vascular injury. Because Kawasaki disease (KD) is one type of systemic vasculitis, we hypothesized that an increased number of CECs may be associated with the appearance of complicated coronary artery lesions (CAL). In the present study we investigated the enumeration and origin of CECs in 20 patients with KD, using an immunohistochemical method with monoclonal antibodies: clone P1H12 against ECs and clone AC133 against endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), which were derived from the bone marrow. The mean number of CECs increased significantly (P < 0.05) from the acute through the subacute phases of KD compared with both the convalescent phase of KD and healthy children. The mean number of CECs was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in six KD patients with CAL than in 14 KD patients without CAL. The population of EPCs in the total CECs in KD was 4.4 +/- 1.2% (range 0-18%). The number of EPCs during the subacute phase was also significantly higher (P < 0.05) in KD patients with CAL than in those without CAL. Our findings indicate that the number of CECs increase in KD vasculitis and suggest that the increased numbers of CECs and EPCs may reflect the EC damage of this disease.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Nakatani, K; Takeshita, S; Tsujimoto, H; Kawamura, Y; Tokutomi, T; Sekine, I

Published Date

  • March 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 131 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 536 - 540

PubMed ID

  • 12605708

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12605708

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1365-2249

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-9104

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1046/j.1365-2249.2003.02091.x


  • eng