Association Between Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory Pre-Activation and Reperfusion Timing Metrics and Outcomes in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Report From the ACTION Registry.
OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of pre-hospital cardiac catheterization laboratory activation and its association with reperfusion timeliness and in-hospital mortality. BACKGROUND:For patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction diagnosed in the field, catheterization laboratory pre-activation may lead to more timely reperfusion and improved outcomes. METHODS:A total of 27,840 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction transported via emergency medical services to 744 percutaneous coronary intervention-capable hospitals in the ACTION Registry from January 2015 to March 2017 were evaluated, excluding patients with cardiac arrest or requiring pre-percutaneous coronary intervention intubation. Catheterization laboratory pre-activation was defined as activation >10 min prior to hospital arrival. RESULTS:Catheterization laboratory pre-activation occurred in 41% of patients (n = 11,379), with minor presenting differences between those with and without catheterization laboratory pre-activation. Compared with no catheterization laboratory pre-activation, pre-activation patients were more likely to be directly transported to the catheterization laboratory on hospital arrival (23.3% vs. 5.3%), to have shorter hospital arrival-to-catheterization laboratory arrival time (median 17 min [interquartile range (IQR): 7 to 25 min] vs. 28 min [IQR: 18 to 39 min]), to have shorter door-to-device time (40 min [IQR: 30 to 51 min] vs. 52 min [IQR: 41 to 65 min]), and to have a greater likelihood of achieving first medical contact-to-device time ≤90 min (76.6% vs. 68.6%) (p < 0.001 for all). Pre-activation was associated with lower in-hospital mortality (2.8% vs. 3.4%; p = 0.01). Patients treated at hospitals in the lowest tertile of pre-activation rates had higher mortality than those treated at hospitals in the highest tertile before and after adjustment (3.6% vs. 2.7%; adjusted odds ratio: 1.33; 95% confidence interval: 1.08 to 1.63). CONCLUSIONS:In the United States, catheterization laboratory pre-activation occurred in fewer than one-half of emergency medical services-transported patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Its association with faster reperfusion and lower mortality supports greater use of this strategy.
Shavadia, JS; Roe, MT; Chen, AY; Lucas, J; Fanaroff, AC; Kochar, A; Fordyce, CB; Jollis, JG; Tamis-Holland, J; Henry, TD; Bagai, A; Kontos, MC; Granger, CB; Wang, TY
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