Rationale and design of the phase 2b clinical trials to study the effects of the partial adenosine A1-receptor agonist neladenoson bialanate in patients with chronic heart failure with reduced (PANTHEON) and preserved (PANACHE) ejection fraction.
Despite major advances in the treatment of chronic heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), morbidity and mortality associated with the condition remain high, suggesting the need for additional treatment options, particularly haemodynamically neutral treatments that do not alter blood pressure, heart rate, or renal function. HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is also associated with high morbidity and mortality and adequate treatment options are limited; thus there is a critical unmet need for the development of novel therapies for HFpEF. Chronic HFrEF and HFpEF are both systemic disorders that affect not only the heart but several other tissues and organs including skeletal muscle, leading to exercise intolerance and dyspnoea. Partial adenosine A1-receptor agonists represent a novel potential therapy for HF regardless of underlying ejection fraction given their minimal effect on heart rate and blood pressure, and preclinical data demonstrate several possible beneficial mechanisms, including improved mitochondrial function and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ -ATPase (SERCA2a) activity, enhanced energy substrate utilization, reverse ventricular remodelling, and anti-ischemic, cardioprotective properties. However, data on this class of drugs in humans are scarce, and the optimal dose of the partial adenosine A1 receptor, neladenoson bialanate, has not been defined. Here we describe the design and rationale of two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, dose-finding phase 2b trials, PANTHEON (HFrEF) and PANACHE (HFpEF), that will advance our understanding of the potential benefit and optimal dose of neladenoson bialanate and provide critical information for the planning of future phase 3 trials.
Voors, AA; Shah, SJ; Bax, JJ; Butler, J; Gheorghiade, M; Hernandez, AF; Kitzman, DW; McMurray, JJV; Wirtz, AB; Lanius, V; van der Laan, M; Solomon, SD
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