Measuring Intraventricular Pressure Using Ultrasound Elastography.
OBJECTIVES:Intraventricular pressure (IVP) is one of the most important measurements for evaluating cardiac function, but this measurement is not currently easily assessable in the clinic. The primary reason for this is the absence of a noninvasive technique for measuring IVP. In this study, we investigate the relationship between IVP and dynamic myocardial stiffness measured by shear wave elasticity imaging (SWEI) and assess the feasibility of measuring IVP using SWEI. METHODS:In 8 isolated working rabbit hearts, IVP was recorded in the left ventricle using a pressure catheter. Simultaneously, myocardial stiffness was recorded by SWEI. Using the peak values for IVP and SWEI measured stiffness, SWEI measurements were calibrated and converted to IVP. RESULTS:A linear relationship with zero intercept was observed between IVP and SWEI, with the average slope of 0.318 kPa/mm Hg, R2 = 0.89. Using one point on the IVP/SWEI curve, SWEI measurements were converted to IVP. Estimated pressure using SWEI and IVP were linearly correlated with the slope of 0.95, R2 = 0.88 (mean end diastolic pressure by pressure catheter = 12.716 mm Hg and by SWEI=14.726 mm Hg), indicating the near equivalence of the 2 measurements. CONCLUSION:We have shown that SWEI measurements are linearly related to IVP; therefore, pressure-based indices could potentially be derived from SWEI ultrasound elastography. The feasibility of using SWEI to estimate IVP with a single point calibration was also shown in this study.
Vejdani-Jahromi, M; Freedman, J; Trahey, GE; Wolf, PD
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