Four Conversations: A randomized control trial of an online, shared decision making curriculum among the metastatic breast cancer community.
47 Background: Evidence shows that shared decision making is effective in improving the quality of end of life care, and that it rarely happens; new interventions are needed. Four Conversations is an evidence-based, online curriculum that facilitates shared decision making. This presentation will report the impact of Four Conversations on key outcomes. Methods: Individuals with metastatic breast cancer and caregivers are being recruited nationally. Consenting participants are randomized 1:1 to the treatment or wait-listed control arm. Treatment arm participants access content online; required activities included viewing interactive videos and completing workbook activities. Surveys are administered at Baseline, Week-4, and Week-8 via REDCap to assess for: decision making self-efficacy and conflict; and program satisfaction. An independent-samples t-test was conducted to compare change in decision making outcomes in treatment and usual care conditions at Week-4. A paired-samples t-test was used to access for changes in outcomes from Baseline to Week-8 among the treatment arm. Results: Participants (n = 138) were: mean age 53.2 (11.8) years; 96% female; 91% white; 72% married. There was significant improvement in decision making self-efficacy and reduction in conflict among the treatment arm at follow-up (p < .05). There was no significant change in decision making self-efficacy and conflict scores for treatment and wait-listed control conditions at the end of the intervention (p > .05). Among treatment arm participants who did not already have an advanced care directive, most (56%) completed one. Most participants (88%) would recommend Four Conversations to others and felt that the program better prepared them to make better decisions. Conclusions: While these results are preliminary (i.e., data collection continues through 9/2017), they suggest that Four Conversations may effect decision-making outcomes for metastatic breast cancer patients and caregivers. Additional research is recommended with larger and more diverse samples following completion of this study. Clinical trial information: NCT02944344.
Smith, SK; Westbrook, KE; MacDermott, K; LeBlanc, MR; Amarasekara, S; Pan, W
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