Independent contributions of theta and delta time-frequency activity to the visual oddball P3b.
A growing body of work suggests that the P300 (P3) event-related potential (ERP) component is better understood as a mixture of task-relevant processes (Polich, 2007). This converges with earlier time-frequency work suggesting that the P3b is primarily composed of centroparietal delta (0.5-3 Hz) and frontocentral theta (3-7 Hz) activity. Within this study (N = 229), we hope to re-affirm these prior ideas and expand upon them in several crucial ways, reassessing how delta and theta contribute to the visual oddball P3b through the lens of several recent decades of additional P3b research. We provide a comprehensive assessment of how theta and delta time-frequency activity contribute to several common variants of the time-domain P3b, specifically measuring the target and non-target P3b, as well as differences between targets and non-targets, target-to-target interval (TTI), and target habituation. Results replicate and extend earlier work indicating that delta and theta account for a majority of variance in both the target and non-target P3b as well as their respective amplitude differences. They also newly indicate that theta and delta activity can have unique contributions to TTI differences and target habituation effects. Results in target habituation particularly demonstrate how time-frequency analyses can disentangle nuanced changes in P3b activity, shedding new light on these complicated phenomena. Findings suggest that delta and theta measures index separable processes occurring during the P3b, and provide additional support for the idea that they index theoretical frontocentral and centroparietal P3 subcomponents.
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)