Renal scarring and urinary tract infection after successful endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux.
PURPOSE: We evaluated renal function and the incidence of urinary tract infection after successful endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1988 to 2007, 169 male and 338 female patients (696 refluxing renal units) with a median age of 3.7 years underwent successful endoscopic correction of primary vesicoureteral reflux using polytetrafluoroethylene and dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer. Reflux was grades I to V in 36 (5.2%), 178 (25.6%), 298 (42.7%), 163 (23.4%) and 21 refluxing renal units (3.1%), respectively. Renal ultrasound and (99m)technetium-dimercaptosuccinic acid scan were performed in all patients preoperatively, and in all patients and in 509 of 696 refluxing renal units (73%) postoperatively, respectively. All patients were followed 1 to 20 years (median 13). RESULTS: Preoperatively (99m)technetium-dimercaptosuccinic acid scan revealed scarring in 543 of 696 refluxing renal units (78%). Reflux resolved after 1 injection in 473 refluxing renal units (68%), in 161 (23%) after 2 and in 25 ureters (3.6%) after 3. In 37 refluxing renal units (5.4%) reflux improved to grade I, which required no further treatment. Renal deterioration was noted in 11 of 26 refluxing renal units with initially severe renal scarring (less than 20% uptake on (99m)technetium-dimercaptosuccinic acid scan). The remaining refluxing renal units in this group showed an insignificant 2.3% change in relative function after successful reflux correction (p >0.005). Patients with vesicoureteral reflux downgrading did not show new renal scars. Of the remaining 446 refluxing renal units 27 (6.1%) showed a greater than 5% decrease in relative function without new scarring. Eight children in the polytetrafluoroethylene group and 3 in the dextranomer/hyaluronic acid copolymer group (overall 2.2%) had febrile urinary tract infection after successful endoscopic correction, leading to reevaluation that resulted in the diagnosis of recurrent reflux in 8 (72.7%). A total of 28 children (5.6%) had afebrile urinary tract infection without recurrent vesicoureteral reflux. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that successful endoscopic correction of vesicoureteral reflux is accompanied by a low incidence of new renal scarring and febrile urinary tract infection. Patients who initially have corrected reflux but who have a febrile urinary tract infection at long-term followup require prompt revaluation to rule out recurrent reflux.
Chertin, B; Natsheh, A; Fridmans, A; Shenfeld, OZ; Farkas, A
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