Management and outcomes of postpancreatectomy fistula, leak, and abscess: results of 908 patients resected at a single institution between 2000 and 2005.
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic fistula, leak, and abscess are common complications of pancreatectomy. The goal of this study was to describe our current management and outcomes of clinically significant postpancreatectomy fistula, leak, and abscess. STUDY DESIGN: Review of a prospectively maintained database identified 908 patients who underwent pancreatectomy between January 2000 and August 2005. Complication data were prospectively entered into a validated postoperative complication database. Patients were included if they were identified as having a clinically significant (>/=grade 2) pancreatic fistula, leak, or abscess. Multivariate analyses were performed to identify factors predictive of prolonged drainage (> 30 days). RESULTS: Clinically significant postoperative fistula, leak, or abscess occurred in 158 of 908 resected patients (17%) and included 63 culture-positive pancreatic fistulas, 29 noninfected pancreatic fistulas, 42 abscesses, and 24 other collections (biliary fistula, culture-negative collection). Surgical drains were placed at the time of initial resection in 88 of these 158 patients (56%). Adequate drainage was obtained by prolonged use of surgical drains in 16 patients (16 of 88 [18%]). Reoperation was required in 26 of the 158 patients (16%). ICU admission was required in 22%. Within this group of 158 patients the mortality rate was 5% (8 of 158; 90 days). At the time of discharge a home health aide was required in 56% of patients, 8% were discharged to a rehabilitation facility, and readmission was required in 50% of patients. Mean drainage time was 38 days (range 3 to 228). Predictors of prolonged drainage included drain output > 200 mL during the first 48 hours (odds ratio = 2.88; p = 0.02) and distal (versus proximal) pancreatectomy (odds ratio = 4.29; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Although mortality after pancreatectomy has decreased to approximately 2%, the morbidity associated with pancreatic fistula, leak, and abscess remains substantial.
Vin, Y; Sima, CS; Getrajdman, GI; Brown, KT; Covey, A; Brennan, MF; Allen, PJ
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