CT-MIBI image fusion: a new preoperative localization technique for primary, recurrent, and persistent hyperparathyroidism.
BACKGROUND: Successful minimally invasive or imaging-guided operations in patients with primary, recurrent, and persistent hyperparathyroidism are based on the reliability of preoperative parathyroid localization studies. The CT-MIBI image fusion promises a higher diagnostic accuracy than current imaging procedures. The aim of our study was to assess its reliability in correctly detecting enlarged parathyroid glands. METHODS: In a prospective study 24 consecutive patients underwent CT-MIBI image fusion as preoperative parathyroid localization procedure. The results of technetium 99m sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography (MIBI-SPECT) alone, today the standard method in parathyroid imaging, and CT-MIBI image fusion were analyzed by a blinded reviewer, and the imaging results were compared with the intraoperative findings. RESULTS: For CT-MIBI image fusion a sensitivity of 93% and a specificity of 100% in correctly detecting the position of enlarged parathyroid glands was calculated and compared with a sensitivity of MIBI-SPECT of 31% and a specificity of 87% (P<.001). This new imaging technique enabled us to successfully treat 22 of our patients (92%) with imaging-guided surgery. Twenty (83%) underwent unilateral or minimally invasive operations. CONCLUSIONS: CT-MIBI image fusion appears to be superior to MIBI-SPECT in preoperative parathyroid imaging. CT-MIBI image fusion can be performed on existing CT- and MIBI-SPECT units. We recommend this method for preoperative localization in patients with primary, recurrent and persistent hyperparathyroidism.
Profanter, C; Wetscher, GJ; Gabriel, M; Sauper, T; Rieger, M; Kovacs, P; Bale, R; Prommegger, R
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