Multiple polyamine regulatory pathways control compensatory cardiovascular hypertrophy in coarctation hypertension.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

While a number of factors may initiate structural alterations within the cardiovascular system in response to hypertension, there are obligate cellular signaling mechanisms, such as the polyamines, through which they must operate. This study examined the effects of polyamine synthesis inhibition using eflornithine, a suicide inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase on blood pressure, compensatory remodeling of the cardiovascular system, and cardiac and aortic polyamine contents using an aortic coarctation model in rats. Eflornithine treatment failed to reduce carotid arterial blood pressure and actually significantly elevated vascular pressure above and below the coarctation site by 14 days of hypertension. Eflornithine only transiently reduced aortic polyamine content of hypertensive rats while this agent reduced coarctation-induced aortic medial wall thickening and the synthesis/deposition of fibronectin and laminin in the hypertensive aorta. Increases in left ventricular mass and polyamine content were concomitantly reduced in hypertensive rats administered eflornithine. These results suggest that multiple polyamine regulatory pathways may maintain vascular polyamine content in response to aortic coarctation; however de novo polyamine synthesis is essential for select aspects of vascular remodeling, including matrix synthesis. Cardiac tissue, in contrast, may rely principally on de novo polyamine synthesis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lipke, DW; Newman, PS; Tofiq, S; Guo, H; Arcot, SS; Aziz, SM; Olson, JW; Soltis, EE

Published Date

  • April 1997

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 269 - 295

PubMed ID

  • 9107437

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1064-1963

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3109/10641969709080819


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England