Impact of radical prostatectomy in the management of clinically localized disease


Conference Paper

The cancer specific death rate following radical prostatectomy in patients with organ confined and specimen confined disease was 10% at 13.5 years, less than the noncancer death rate of 20% for patients in these disease extent categories. The median age of all patients in these categories was 65 years. Cancer remains the dominate cause of death in patients with margin-positive disease, being 40% at 13.5 years. Disease detected by prostate specific antigen (PSA) rather than digital rectal examination appears to be of smaller volume and to have a higher probability of negative margins. Data argue that early detection of PSA will shift patients to a more favorable disease category at surgical intervention. Disease recurrence or persistence by PSA detection seems to precede clinical detection of disease by 3 to 5 years. Disease recurrence by PSA detection does not predict survival outcome, probably does not differentiate between local and distant microscopic recurrence, and is not predictive of biological aggressiveness.

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Paulson, DF

Published Date

  • January 1, 1994

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 152 / 5 II

Start / End Page

  • 1826 - 1830

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-5347

Citation Source

  • Scopus