Urinary tract abnormalities: initial experience with multi-detector row CT urography.

Journal Article (Clinical Trial;Journal Article)

PURPOSE: To evaluate multi-detector row computed tomographic (CT) urography for detection of urinary tract abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-five patients referred from the urology service, in whom urinary tract abnormalities were strongly suspected, underwent multi-detector row CT urography. The technique included unenhanced, nephrographic, compression, and excretory-phase images through the abdomen and pelvis. Transverse images and three-dimensional reformations were reviewed by one of two radiologists. Findings were retrospectively compared with results of urinalysis, cystoscopy and/or ureteroscopy, and/or surgery. RESULTS: Multi-detector row CT urography depicted many clinically diagnosed urinary tract abnormalities, including 15 of 16 uroepithelial malignancies, five congenital anomalies, five urinary tract calculi, and 18 calyceal and/or papillary, 30 renal pelvic and/or ureteral, and 25 bladder abnormalities. All abnormalities were detected on transverse images. These abnormalities included diffuse urothelial wall thickening in four patients (three of whom had transitional cell carcinoma), a renal abscess, a colovesical fistula, and incidentally detected extrarenal disease (a liver mass, hepatic metastases, lymph node metastases, an aortic dissection, and a pheochromocytoma; each of these findings was seen in one patient). CONCLUSION: Multi-detector row CT urography is a useful method for detecting urinary tract abnormalities.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Caoili, EM; Cohan, RH; Korobkin, M; Platt, JF; Francis, IR; Faerber, GJ; Montie, JE; Ellis, JH

Published Date

  • February 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 222 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 353 - 360

PubMed ID

  • 11818599

Pubmed Central ID

  • 11818599

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0033-8419

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1148/radiol.2222010667


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States