Collagen implant for treating stress urinary incontinence in women with urethral hypermobility.
PURPOSE: We evaluated the use of collagen in women with stress urinary incontinence and urethral hypermobility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We treated 90 patients with stress urinary incontinence and urethral hypermobility with 1 to 3 injections of Contigen implant (C. R. Bard, Inc., Covington, Georgia) between June 1996 and October 1998. Observations at 3, 6 and 12 months included continence grade, 7-day voiding diaries and quality of life questionnaires. Abdominal leak point pressure was determined at baseline and 12 months. RESULTS: At the 6-month followup 68 patients remained in the study, of whom 30 (44%) were dry and 24 (35%) were improved. Of the 58 patients who reached the 12-month followup 19 (33%) were dry and 19 (33%) were improved. Considering all patients entered into the study at 6 months 30 (33%) were dry and 24 (27%) were improved. Of the original 90 patients 19 (21%) were dry and 19 (21%) were improved at 12 months. The probability of maintaining initial improvement for 12 months was 44%. The success of bulking agent therapy was not predicted by the initial incontinence grade. Improved continence grade correlated with improved leak point pressure. CONCLUSIONS: This therapy is appropriate in women with urethral hypermobility who wish to avoid surgical risks and in those in whom surgery is ill advised.
Bent, AE; Foote, J; Siegel, S; Faerber, G; Chao, R; Gormley, EA
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