An mHealth intervention to improve medication adherence among patients with coronary heart disease in China: Development of an intervention.
With this study, we aimed to develop a mobile technology (mHealth) intervention to improve medication adherence among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).
The study was conducted in two phases with CHD patients from a Cardiology Department of a hospital located in China. Each phase was independent from the other. Phase 1 tested the integration of the two apps - "WeChat" and "BB Reminder" - as an mHealth intervention. All participants received the same educational materials via WeChat every two days. Participants in the experimental group received a reminder from BB Reminder for every dose of their medications. The duration of Phase 1 was 30 days for each participant. Phase 2 refined the intervention, in which educational materials were sent every five days rather than every two days, and medication-taking reminders were sent daily rather than every dose.
In Phase 1, an mHealth intervention was developed by integrating two mobile apps. In Phase 2, medication adherence increased at 30-day follow-up in both groups compared to baseline. At the 30-day follow-up, the mean of the decrease in medication non-adherence score in the experimental group (M
= -1.35, SD
= 2.18, n
= 36) was more than the decrease in control group (M
= -0.69, SD
= 1.58, n
= 36), which means the medication adherence improved more in the experimental group.
The feasibility of using mHealth to remind CHD patients to take their medications is high.
Ni, Z; Liu, C; Wu, B; Yang, Q; Douglas, C; Shaw, RJ
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