Endovascular treatment of femoro-popliteal lesions.
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a major health concern affecting more than 200 million people worldwide and studies have shown PAD to be a strong predictor of mortality, morbidity, and disability. The management of PAD is multi-tiered and advancements in technology have given physicians more options for endovascular revascularization if medical therapy does not result in substantial improvement. Many randomized controlled trials have reported efficacy of various therapies including laser atherectomy, stent technology, and drug-coated balloons over standard percutaneous transluminal angioplasty; however, uncertainty regarding the best standard of care remains unclear because of a lack of head to head comparisons between novel therapies. Furthermore, variability in the reported clinical outcomes exists and makes it difficult to evaluate the superiority of any specific treatment modality, especially for functional capacity and quality of life. Recently established consensus definitions for clinical outcomes coupled with investigators incorporating direct comparisons within clinical trials will be crucial to establish consistent care and meaningful gain in treatment for these patients. This review will highlight the treatment modalities, literature supporting each treatment modality, and insight into why they are being used and why variation exists around the United States.
Kansal, A; Long, CA; Patel, MR; Jones, WS
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