Update on Assisted Outpatient Treatment.

Published online

Journal Article (Review)

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Assisted outpatient treatment (AOT) is an outpatient court-ordered treatment for people with severe mental illness (SMI) whose care needs are often unmet in the community due, in part, to treatment non-adherence. AOT is controversial, and the goal of this review is to provide an update on recent research, the status of AOT in the United States, and future directions for research and implementation. RECENT FINDINGS: Several recent studies have demonstrated that it is not just a lack of access to appropriately intensive care that prevents some individuals with SMI from engaging in and benefiting from treatment and that AOT can improve engagement and patient outcomes over and above the provision of care. The future of AOT in the United States is still somewhat uncertain and will largely depend on the effectiveness and sustainability of the SAMHSA AOT grant programs. Future research efforts should investigate the conditions under which and for whom AOT can be most effective, to help avoid poor outcomes for this vulnerable population.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cripps, SN; Swartz, MS

Published Date

  • October 13, 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 112 -

PubMed ID

  • 30315433

Pubmed Central ID

  • 30315433

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1535-1645

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11920-018-0982-z


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States