Quasi-Resonance Signal Amplification by Reversible Exchange.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Here we present the feasibility of NMR signal amplification by reversible exchange (SABRE) using radio frequency irradiation at low magnetic field (0.05 T) in the regime where the chemical shifts of free and catalyst-bound species are similar. In SABRE, the 15 N-containing substrate and parahydrogen perform simultaneous chemical exchange on an iridium hexacoordinate complex. A shaped spin-lock induced crossing (SLIC) radio frequency pulse sequence followed by a delay is applied at quasi-resonance (QUASR) conditions of 15 N spins of a 15 N-enriched substrate. As a result of this pulse sequence application, 15 N z-magnetization is created from the spin order of parahydrogen-derived hyperpolarized hydrides. The repetition of the pulse sequence block consisting of a shaped radio frequency pulse and the delay leads to the buildup of 15 N magnetization. The modulation of this effect by the irradiation frequency, pulse duration and amplitude, delay duration, and number of pumping cycles was demonstrated. Pyridine-15 N, acetonitrile-15 N, and metronidazole-15 N2 -13 C2 substrates were studied representing three classes of compounds (five- and six-membered heterocycles and nitrile), showing the wide applicability of the technique. Metronidazole-15 N2 -13 C2 is an FDA-approved antibiotic that can be injected in large quantities, promising noninvasive and accurate hypoxia sensing. The 15 N hyperpolarization levels attained with QUASR-SABRE on metronidazole-15 N2 -13 C2 were more than 2-fold greater than those with SABRE-SHEATH (SABRE in shield enables alignment transfer to heteronuclei), demonstrating that QUASR-SABRE can deliver significantly more efficient means of SABRE hyperpolarization.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Theis, T; Ariyasingha, NM; Shchepin, RV; Lindale, JR; Warren, WS; Chekmenev, EY

Published Date

  • October 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 20

Start / End Page

  • 6136 - 6142

PubMed ID

  • 30284835

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6247415

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1948-7185

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1948-7185

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b02669

Language

  • eng