Seismicity in sheared granular matter.

Published

Journal Article

We report on experiments investigating the dynamics of a slider that is pulled by a spring across a granular medium consisting of a vertical layer of photoelastic disks. The motion proceeds through a sequence of discrete events, analogous to seismic shocks, in which elastic energy stored in the spring is rapidly released. We measure the statistics of several properties of the individual events: the energy loss in the spring, the duration of the movement, and the temporal profile of the slider motion. We also study certain conditional probabilities and the statistics of mainshock-aftershock sequences. At low driving rates, we observe crackling with Omori-Utsu, Båth, and waiting time laws similar to those observed in seismic dynamics. At higher driving rates, where the sequence of events shows strong periodicity, we observe scaling laws and asymmetrical event shapes that are clearly distinguishable from those in the crackling regime.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Abed Zadeh, A; Barés, J; Socolar, JES; Behringer, RP

Published Date

  • May 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 99 / 5-1

Start / End Page

  • 052902 -

PubMed ID

  • 31212553

Pubmed Central ID

  • 31212553

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2470-0053

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2470-0045

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1103/physreve.99.052902

Language

  • eng