Obesity, risk of biochemical recurrence, and prostate-specific antigen doubling time after radical prostatectomy: results from the SEARCH database.
To examine the association between body mass index (BMI) and aggressive biochemical recurrence (BCR) using the Shared Equal Access Regional Cancer Hospital (SEARCH) database.
Material and methods
We identified 4123 men with complete data treated by radical prostatectomy between 1988 and 2015. We tested the association between BMI and BCR using Cox models, and among men with BCR, prostate-specific antigen doubling time (PSADT) was compared across BMI categories using linear regression. Models were adjusted for age, race, prostate-specific antigen, biopsy Gleason score, clinical stage, year and surgical centre.
Overall, 922 men (22%) were of normal weight (BMI <25 kg/m2
), 1863 (45%) were overweight (BMI 25-29.9 kg/m2
), 968 (24%) were obese (BMI 30-34.9 kg/m2
), and 370 (9%) were moderately or severely obese (BMI ≥35 kg/m2
). After adjustment for multiple clinical characteristics, higher BMI was significantly associated with higher risk of BCR (P = 0.008). Among men with BCR, men in the four BMI categories had similar multivariable-adjusted PSADT values (increasing BMI categories: 20.9 vs 21.3 vs 21.0 vs 14.9 months; P = 0.48).
While we confirmed that higher BMI was associated with BCR, we found no link between BMI and PSADT at the time of recurrence. Our data suggest obese men do not have more aggressive recurrences. Future studies are needed to test whether obesity predicts response to salvage therapies.
Freedland, SJ; Branche, BL; Howard, LE; Hamilton, RJ; Aronson, WJ; Terris, MK; Cooperberg, MR; Amling, CL; Kane, CJ; SEARCH Database Study Group,
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