Surgical Prehabilitation: Nutrition and Exercise.
Complications after major surgery account for a disproportionate amount of in-hospital morbidity and mortality. Recent efforts have focused on preoperative optimization in an attempt to modify the risk associated with major surgery. Underaddressed, but important, modifiable risk factors are physical fitness and nutritional status. Surgical patients are particularly at risk of 3 related, but distinct, conditions: frailty, sarcopenia, and reduced physical fitness. Exercise-based prehabilitation strategies have shown promise in terms of improving aerobic fitness, although their impact on key clinical perioperative outcome measures have not been fully determined. Preoperative nutritional status also has a strong bearing on perioperative outcome.
Whittle, J; Wischmeyer, PE; Grocott, MPW; Miller, TE
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