Genomic landscapes of Chinese sporadic autism spectrum disorders revealed by whole-genome sequencing.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with considerable clinical and genetic heterogeneity. In this study, we identified all classes of genomic variants from whole-genome sequencing (WGS) dataset of 32 Chinese trios with ASD, including de novo mutations, inherited variants, copy number variants (CNVs) and genomic structural variants. A higher mutation rate (Poisson test, P < 2.2 × 10-16) in exonic (1.37 × 10-8) and 3'-UTR regions (1.42 × 10-8) was revealed in comparison with that of whole genome (1.05 × 10-8). Using an integrated model, we identified 87 potentially risk genes (P < 0.01) from 4832 genes harboring various rare deleterious variants, including CHD8 and NRXN2, implying that the disorders may be in favor to multiple-hit. In particular, frequent rare inherited mutations of several microcephaly-associated genes (ASPM, WDR62, and ZNF335) were found in ASD. In chromosomal structure analyses, we found four de novo CNVs and one de novo chromosomal rearrangement event, including a de novo duplication of UBE3A-containing region at 15q11.2-q13.1, which causes Angelman syndrome and microcephaly, and a disrupted TNR due to de novo chromosomal translocation t(1; 5)(q25.1; q33.2). Taken together, our results suggest that abnormalities of centrosomal function and chromatin remodeling of the microcephaly-associated genes may be implicated in pathogenesis of ASD. Adoption of WGS as a new yet efficient technique to illustrate the full genetic spectrum in complex disorders, such as ASD, could provide novel insights into pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment.
Wu, J; Yu, P; Jin, X; Xu, X; Li, J; Li, Z; Wang, M; Wang, T; Wu, X; Jiang, Y; Cai, W; Mei, J; Min, Q; Xu, Q; Zhou, B; Guo, H; Wang, P; Zhou, W; Hu, Z; Li, Y; Cai, T; Wang, Y; Xia, K; Jiang, Y-H; Sun, ZS
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