Distinct Regulation of Th17 and Th1 Cell Differentiation by Glutaminase-Dependent Metabolism.

Published

Journal Article

Activated T cells differentiate into functional subsets with distinct metabolic programs. Glutaminase (GLS) converts glutamine to glutamate to support the tricarboxylic acid cycle and redox and epigenetic reactions. Here, we identify a key role for GLS in T cell activation and specification. Though GLS deficiency diminished initial T cell activation and proliferation and impaired differentiation of Th17 cells, loss of GLS also increased Tbet to promote differentiation and effector function of CD4 Th1 and CD8 CTL cells. This was associated with altered chromatin accessibility and gene expression, including decreased PIK3IP1 in Th1 cells that sensitized to IL-2-mediated mTORC1 signaling. In vivo, GLS null T cells failed to drive Th17-inflammatory diseases, and Th1 cells had initially elevated function but exhausted over time. Transient GLS inhibition, however, led to increased Th1 and CTL T cell numbers. Glutamine metabolism thus has distinct roles to promote Th17 but constrain Th1 and CTL effector cell differentiation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Johnson, MO; Wolf, MM; Madden, MZ; Andrejeva, G; Sugiura, A; Contreras, DC; Maseda, D; Liberti, MV; Paz, K; Kishton, RJ; Johnson, ME; de Cubas, AA; Wu, P; Li, G; Zhang, Y; Newcomb, DC; Wells, AD; Restifo, NP; Rathmell, WK; Locasale, JW; Davila, ML; Blazar, BR; Rathmell, JC

Published Date

  • December 13, 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 175 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1780 - 1795.e19

PubMed ID

  • 30392958

Pubmed Central ID

  • 30392958

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-4172

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.cell.2018.10.001

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States