Endothelin-1 Measurement in Patients Undergoing Diagnostic Coronary Angiography-Results from the Catheter Sampled Blood Archive in Cardiovascular Diseases (CASABLANCA) Study.
BACKGROUND: Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a vasoconstrictor produced by vascular endothelial cells and may play a role in risk for development of coronary artery disease (CAD) and heart failure (HF). In a cohort of 1084 patients referred for coronary angiography, we investigated cross-sectional associations between ET-1 concentrations and prevalent CAD, as well as value of ET-1 for prognostication of future cardiovascular events. METHODS: Associations between ET-1 and presence/severity of CAD were assessed. Patients were followed for a median of 4 years for outcomes including incident HF, myocardial infarction (MI), cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: The median concentration of ET-1 was 2.57 ng/L. Patients with ET-1 concentrations above the median were more likely to have higher risk clinical features. Among those without prevalent MI at presentation, ET-1 concentrations were not associated with presence or severity of CAD. In adjusted Cox proportional hazards analyses, log-transformed ET-1 concentrations predicted incident HF [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.51 per increase in log-SD; 95% CI, 1.06-2.15; P = 0.02] and all-cause mortality (HR = 1.61 per increase in log-SD; 95% CI, 1.03-2.53; P = 0.04). Concentrations of ET-1 above the median were associated with shorter time to incident HF, MI, cardiovascular mortality, all-cause mortality, and the composite of incident HF/MI/cardiovascular mortality (all log-rank P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Despite epidemiologic links to CAD, we found no cross-sectional association between biologically active ET-1 and prevalent coronary atherosclerosis in an at-risk population referred for coronary angiography. Increased ET-1 concentrations independently predict incident HF and death and are associated with more near-term cardiovascular events.
Ibrahim, NE; Gupta, R; Lyass, A; Li, Y; Shrestha, S; McCarthy, CP; Gaggin, HK; van Kimmenade, RRJ; Massaro, JM; D'Agostino, RB; Januzzi, JL
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