Hysteroscopic Endometrial Polypectomy with Manual Vacuum Aspiration Compared to Mechanical Morcellation.
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of hysteroscopy plus manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) for endometrial polypectomy compared with hysteroscopic morcellation. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Duke University Medical Center database. PATIENTS: Women who underwent hysteroscopic removal of endometrial polyps performed by Duke Fertility Center faculty physicians between January 1, 2015, and January 29, 2018, using either hysteroscopy plus MVA or hysteroscopic morcellation. INTERVENTIONS: The 2 groups were compared using the χ2 or Fisher's exact test, Student's t test, and multivariable regression analysis. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The primary outcome was the duration of the procedure. Secondary outcomes were fluid deficit, rate of complete polyp resection, estimated blood loss, and operative complications. A total of 102 women undergoing endometrial polypectomy were identified. Patients in whom polyps were removed using only a hysteroscopic grasper and/or scissors (n = 31); patients who underwent an additional simultaneous procedure, such as laparoscopy (n = 12); and patients in whom the duration of the procedure was not recorded (n = 2) were excluded. Among the remaining 57 patients, 28 underwent hysteroscopy plus MVA and 29 underwent hysteroscopic morcellation. The mean duration of procedure was longer for hysteroscopic morcellation compared with hysteroscopy plus MVA (32 ± 10 minutes vs 20 ± 6 minutes; p = .04), and this difference remained significant after adjusting for age, body mass index, surgeon, and number and size of polyps. Mean fluid deficit was greater for morcellation than for hysteroscopy plus MVA (277 ± 204 mL vs 51 ± 97 mL; p < .001). Complete polyp resection was possible in all patients; however, the use of a hysteroscopic scissors and grasper was required for 1 patient in the MVA group. Estimated blood loss was minimal in all cases, and there were no operative complications. CONCLUSION: Hysteroscopy plus MVA is an effective method for removing large or multiple endometrial polyps, with outcomes comparable to hysteroscopic morcellation.
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