The differential effects of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers on microalbuminuria in relation to low-grade inflammation in metabolic hypertensive patients.
BACKGROUND: A dual angiotensin type 1 receptor blocker (ARB)/peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) agonist telmisartan may be more useful for microalbuminuria reduction than ARBs with no PPARgamma agonistic action. We investigated whether there is a difference between the effects of telmisartan and valsartan with respect to microalbuminuria reduction, and the association with improvement of metabolic features or suppression of the inflammatory state. METHODS: Fifty-three patients who had metabolic syndrome and had been taking valsartan were recruited. All of these patients were randomly assigned to replace valsartan by telmisartan (telmisartan group; n = 30) or to keep taking valsartan (control group; n = 21). Various parameters were measured at baseline and 12 weeks after randomization. RESULTS: There were no significant changes in blood pressure (BP), glucose, and lipid parameters between baseline and 12 weeks after randomization in either group. There was a significant increase in high molecular weight adiponectin in the telmisartan group (4.6 v 5.0 microg/mL, P = .024), whereas there was no significant change in the control group. The reductions of microalbuminuria and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) were significant in the telmisartan group (28.1 v 18.9 mg/g.Cr and 0.77 v 0.60 mg/L, respectively, P = .001 and P = .022), whereas there was no significant change in the control group. The reductions of microalbuminuria and hs-CRP were significantly correlated with each other (gamma = 0.413, P = .003). CONCLUSIONS: The dual ARB/PPARgamma agonist telmisartan achieved more microalbuminuria reduction than an ARB with no PPARgamma agonistic action, possibly through suppression of the inflammatory state in metabolic hypertensive patients.
Yano, Y; Hoshide, S; Ishikawa, J; Noguchi, C; Tukui, D; Takanori, H; Tada, M; Kanemaru, Y; Yano, A; Ishikawa, S; Shimada, K; Kario, K
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