Management of Segmental Bile Duct Injuries After Cholecystectomy: a Systematic Review.
BACKGROUND:Injuries to segmental or aberrant bile ducts are encountered less commonly than their major bile duct counterparts and present a unique diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, since the nature of this injury involves a transected bile duct that loses its communication with the main ductal system. In this systematic review, we aim to pool available data on this particular type of biliary injury in an effort to outline available diagnostic and therapeutic modalities and evaluate their efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS:An extensive literature search was performed on MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science to identify isolated segmental or aberrant bile duct injuries. RESULTS:A total of 21 studies were included in this systematic report. Ten studies reported non-operative management of patients, while 12 reported operative management of included patients. Outcomes of interest were the choice of treatment interventions and their success. Overall, 23 patients were managed non-operatively with a 91% success rate and 30 patients were managed operatively with a 90% success rate. CONCLUSION:Non-operative management might be a viable alternative to surgery. Hepatobiliary surgeons should be encouraged to publish their results in treating these rare injuries to further elucidate the role and efficacy of such an approach.
Schizas, D; Papaconstantinou, D; Moris, D; Koliakos, N; Tsilimigras, DI; Bakopoulos, A; Karaolanis, G; Spartalis, E; Dimitroulis, D; Felekouras, E
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