Magnetic compression anastomosis (magnamosis) in a porcine esophagus: Proof of concept for potential application in esophageal atresia.
BACKGROUND: Magnetic compression anastomosis (magnamosis) is the process of forming a sutureless anastomosis of the gastrointestinal tract using two magnetic Harrison rings. It has been shown to be effective in stomach, small bowel and colon, but has not been implemented in the esophagus. A pure esophageal atresia porcine model was developed to test the concept. METHODS: Five pigs weighing between 35 and 65 kg were used. In all pigs, a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube was placed, and a right thoracotomy was performed. Esophageal atresia was simulated by transecting the esophagus with a cutting stapler, and magnets were placed endoscopically to approximate the two ends of the esophagus. In the first pig, the tissue within the magnetic ring was excised endoscopically to achieve immediate patency. In the second pig, approximation of the blind esophageal ends was reinforced with 3-4 externally-placed sutures but immediate patency was not performed. In the last three pigs, both external suture reinforcement and immediate patency were performed. The pigs survived for 10-14 days and received nutrition through PEG tube. At necropsy, an esophagram was performed, the specimen was explanted and a leak test was performed. RESULTS: The first pig died in the early postoperative period from a leak owing to separation of the magnets. The second pig died from aspiration before the anastomosis formed. The last three pigs survived until the study endpoint. The third pig had a contained leak owing to the staple line being placed between the magnets; this was not clinically significant. The last two pigs had well-formed anastomoses. Burst tests showed no leak when injecting saline up to 30 mmHg. CONCLUSION: Magnamosis is technically feasible for esophagoesophageal anastomoses. A survival model for pure esophageal atresia was developed and refined in pigs. Further work in this area may lead to clinical use in humans.
Bruns, NE; Glenn, IC; Craner, DR; Schomisch, SJ; Harrison, MR; Ponsky, TA
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