NLRP3 Promotes Diabetic Bladder Dysfunction and Changes in Symptom-Specific Bladder Innervation.
The NLRP3 inflammasome senses diabetic metabolites and initiates inflammation implicated in diabetic complications and neurodegeneration. No studies have investigated NLRP3 in diabetic bladder dysfunction (DBD), despite a high clinical prevalence. In vitro, we found that numerous diabetic metabolites activate NLRP3 in primary urothelial cells. In vivo, we demonstrate NLRP3 is activated in urothelia from a genetic type 1 diabetic mouse (Akita) by week 15. We then bred an NLRP3-/- genotype into these mice and found this blocked bladder inflammation and cystometric markers of DBD. Analysis of bladder innervation established an NLRP3-dependent decrease in overall nerve density and Aδ-fibers in the bladder wall along with an increase in C-fiber populations in the urothelia, which potentially explains the decreased sense of bladder fullness reported by patients and overactivity detected early in DBD. Together, the results demonstrate the role of NLRP3 in the genesis of DBD and suggest specific NLRP3-mediated neuronal changes can produce specific DBD symptoms.
Hughes, FM; Hirshman, NA; Inouye, BM; Jin, H; Stanton, EW; Yun, CE; Davis, LG; Routh, JC; Purves, JT
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