Autologous Dendritic Cell-Cytokine Induced Killer Cell Immunotherapy Combined with S-1 Plus Cisplatin in Patients with Advanced Gastric Cancer: A Prospective Study.
PURPOSE: We have assessed the combination of DC-CIK with S-1 plus cisplatin chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer (AGC) and the role of mutational analysis of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire in predicting clinical outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients (n = 63) with AGC were allocated to treatment with S-1 alone, S-1 plus cisplatin, DC-CIK combined with S-1 or DC-CIK combined with S-1 plus cisplatin. The primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) at 1 year; the secondary endpoints were disease control rate and analysis of ctDNA and TCR repertoire. RESULTS: The DC-CIK infusions were well tolerated with no serious adverse events. The disease control rates (CR+PR+SD) were 5.6%, 33.3%, 47.1%, and 76.9% in the S-1 alone, the S-1 plus cisplatin, DC-CIK combined with S-1 and DC-CIK combined with the S-1 plus cisplatin groups, respectively (P = 0.001). After adjusting for competing risk factors, treatment with DC-CIK combined with S-1 plus cisplatin was confirmed to be an independent predictor of PFS and OS (P = 0.001). A decrease in the frequency and number of mutations in ctDNA was observed in 19 patients (63.3%) following the DC-CIK infusions. Decreased ctDNA mutational frequency and restored TCR repertoire were associated with improved PFS and OS (P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: DC-CIK combined with S-1 plus cisplatin provided a favorable PFS and OS in patients with AGC and the combination therapy was safe with tolerable toxicities. Clinical efficacy correlated with decreases in ctDNA mutational profiles and restored TCR repertoire.
Qiao, G; Wang, X; Zhou, L; Zhou, X; Song, Y; Wang, S; Zhao, L; Morse, MA; Hobeika, A; Song, J; Yi, X; Xia, X; Ren, J; Lyerly, HK
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