Minimally Invasive Approaches Do Not Compromise Outcomes for Pneumonectomy: A Comparison Using the National Cancer Database.
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive approaches are increasingly being used for the conduct of complex surgical procedures. Whether the benefits of minimally invasive approaches compared to thoracotomy for sublobar and lobar lung resection for NSCLC are realized for patients undergoing pneumonectomy is not clear. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for patients who underwent pneumonectomy for NSCLC from 2010 to 2014. Case data from patients who underwent resection by minimally invasive surgery (MIS) were compared with those from patients who received thoracotomy (open) in an intention-to-treat analysis. Associations between potential covariates and treatment were analyzed using the Pearson chi-square test for categorical variables and Wilcoxon rank sum test for continuous variables. Univariable and multivariable logistic models and proportional hazards model were used to assess the effect of surgical approach on 30-day and 90-day mortality and overall survival. Relative prognosis was summarized using odds ratios and hazards ratios estimates and 95% confidence limits. RESULTS: A total of 4,938 patients underwent pneumonectomy during the study period, of which 755 (15.3%) were completed by MIS. No difference was noted in 30- and 90-day mortality rates for MIS compared to open approaches (6.8% and 12.3% versus 6.7% and 11.9%, respectively; p = 0.9 and 0.86, respectively). Tumor histology and stage characteristics were similar between the two groups. The mean number of lymph nodes examined was higher in the MIS group compared to the open thoracotomy group (17.1 ± 0.4 versus 16.1 ± 0.2, p = 0.034). The conversion rate for the MIS cohort was 36.7%. Surgical approach was not associated with any difference in perioperative mortality with univariable or multivariable analysis. MIS was associated with improved overall survival on univariable analysis, but this was not evident with multivariable analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Pneumonectomy performed by minimally invasive approaches does not compromise perioperative mortality or long-term outcomes. Further investigation into the impact of minimally invasive approaches on perioperative outcomes for whole-lung resection is warranted.
Hennon, MW; Kumar, A; Devisetty, H; D'Amico, T; Demmy, TL; Groman, A; Yendamuri, S
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