Systemic involvement in ACS: Using CMR imaging to compare the aortic wall in patients with and without acute coronary syndrome.

Published online

Journal Article

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have demonstrated that in acute coronary syndrome (ACS), plaque destabilization and vessel inflammation, represented by vessel edema, often occur simultaneously in multiple coronaries, as well as extend to the cerebrovascular system. Our aim was to determine whether the inflammatory vascular processes occurring within the coronaries during ACS extend simultaneously to the descending aorta. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 111 patients (56 ACS patients and 55 non-ACS patients with known coronary artery disease) to undergo cardiac magnetic resonance of the thoracic aortic wall at presentation and at three-month follow-up. The primary outcome was change in aortic wall area (AWA) and maximal aortic wall thickness (AWT) from baseline to three-month follow-up. Secondary outcomes were baseline and follow-up differences in AWA and AWT, and changes in C-reactive protein (CRP). RESULTS: There was a significant reduction in mean AWA (p = 0.01) and AWT (p = 0.01) between index and follow up scans in ACS group, with no significant changes in non ACS group (both p>0.1) and no difference between ACS and non-ACS groups (p = 0.22). There was no significant difference in AWA and AWT at baseline (p>0.36) and follow-up (p>0.2) between groups. There was a significant reduction in CRP in both groups (p<0.01), with higher reduction in ACS patients (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: There was a reduction in aortic wall size, aortic wall area, and aortic wall thickness in patients presenting with ACS, and no change in non-ACS patients. There were no interval between-group differences in these measurements. We observed a reduction in C-reactive protein in both groups, with higher reduction noted in ACS patients.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chandy, E; Ivanov, A; Dabiesingh, DS; Grossman, A; Sunkesula, P; Velagapudi, L; Sales, VL; Colombo, EJ; Klem, I; Sacchi, TJ; Heitner, JF

Published Date

  • 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 12

Start / End Page

  • e0203514 -

PubMed ID

  • 30540752

Pubmed Central ID

  • 30540752

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1932-6203

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1371/journal.pone.0203514

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States