Effect of bimatoprost on intraocular pressure in prostaglandin FP receptor knockout mice.
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of bimatoprost on intraocular pressure in the prostaglandin FP receptor knockout mouse. METHODS: The IOP response to a single 1.2-microg (4 microL) dose of bimatoprost was measured in the treated and untreated fellow eyes of homozygote (FP+/+, n = 9) and heterozygote (FP+/-, n = 10) FP-knockout mice, as well as in wild-type C57BL/6 mice (FP+/+, n = 20). Serial IOP measurements were also performed after topical bimatoprost in a separate generation of homozygous FP-knockout mice and wild-type littermate control animals (n = 4 per group). Aqueous humor protein concentrations were measured to establish the state of the blood-aqueous barrier. Tissue, aqueous humor and vitreous concentrations of bimatoprost, latanoprost, and their C-1 free acids were determined by liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry. RESULTS: A significant reduction in IOP was observed in the bimatoprost-treated eye of wild-type mice at 2 hours, with a mean difference and 95% confidence interval (CI) of the difference in means of -1.33 mm Hg (-0.81 to -1.84). Bimatoprost did not lead to a significant reduction in IOP in either the heterozygous knockout -0.36 mm Hg (-0.82 to +0.09) or homozygous FP-knockout mice 0.25 mm Hg (-0.38 to +0.89). The lack of an IOP response in the FP-knockout mice was not a consequence of blood-aqueous barrier breakdown, as there was no significant difference in aqueous humor protein concentration between treated and fellow eyes. Tissue and aqueous humor concentrations of bimatoprost, latanoprost, and their C-1 free acids indicate that latanoprost, but not bimatoprost, is hydrolyzed in the mouse eye after topical administration. CONCLUSIONS: An intact FP receptor gene is critical to the IOP response to bimatoprost in the mouse eye.
Crowston, JG; Lindsey, JD; Morris, CA; Wheeler, L; Medeiros, FA; Weinreb, RN
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