Retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measurements with scanning laser polarimetry predict glaucomatous visual field loss.
To assess whether baseline retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) measurements obtained with a scanning laser polarimeter, the GDx Nerve Fiber Analyzer, (Laser Diagnostic Technologies Inc., San Diego, California) are predictive of development of repeatable glaucomatous visual field damage in glaucoma suspect eyes.Cohort study.Participants were recruited from the UCSD longitudinal Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study (DIGS). One eye from each of 160 glaucoma suspects with normal standard automated perimetry (SAP) visual fields at baseline was studied. Study eyes were divided into convert and nonconvert groups based on the development of three consecutive glaucomatous visual fields during follow-up. SLP parameters, IOP, vertical cup disk ratio, stereophotograph assessment as glaucoma or normal, corneal thickness, and visual field indices were included in univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models to determine which SLP RNFL and ocular parameters were predictive of visual field conversion.Sixteen (10%) eyes developed repeatable visual field damage (converts) and 144 (90%) did not (nonconverts). Mean (95%CI) follow-up time until visual field conversion for convert eyes was 2.7 (1.7, 3.6) years. Mean total follow-up of nonconvert eyes was 3.8 (3.5, 4.1) years. Four out of thirteen examined baseline SLP parameters and baseline SAP Mean Deviation (MD), SAP Pattern Standard Deviation (PSD), and glaucomatous stereophotograph assessment were significant univariate predictors of visual field conversion. In multivariate models adjusted for age, IOP and CCT, SLP parameters inferior ratio, ellipse modulation, and UCSD linear discriminant function (LDF) were significant predictors of visual field conversion. When SAP PSD and stereophotograph assessment were also included in the multivariate model inferior ratio and UCSD LDF remained independently predictive of visual field loss.Thinner baseline SLP RNFL measurements were independent predictors of visual field damage. In addition to thinner SLP RNFL measurements, higher baseline SAP PSD, and baseline glaucomatous stereophotograph assessment each contributed to an increased risk of the development of abnormal visual fields in glaucoma suspect patients. SLP RNFL measurements were independently predictive of future visual loss even when age, IOP, CCT, vertical cup disk ratio, and SAP PSD were included in the model.
Mohammadi, K; Bowd, C; Weinreb, RN; Medeiros, FA; Sample, PA; Zangwill, LM
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