EFFECTIVE DOSE ESTIMATION FROM ORGAN DOSE MEASUREMENTS IN FAST-kV SWITCH DUAL ENERGY COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY.
The purpose of this study was to validate a novel approach to estimating effective dose (E) in 'fast-kV switch dual energy computed tomography' using MOSFET detectors. The effective energy of the combined dual energy environment was characterized with the dual energy CT scanner and then MOSFETs were calibrated matching to the effective energy of the dual energy CT beam with a conventional CT beam. The calibration method was then experimentally validated by comparing the dose between MOSFET and an ion chamber (IC) using a standard CTDI body phantom. The measured doses of the MOSFET and IC were 17.1 mGy ± 3.8% and 17.1 mGy ± 0.4%, respectively. To measure organ doses, an adult anthropomorphic phantom loaded with 18 MOSFET detectors was scanned using a standard fast-kV switch dual energy abdomen/pelvis CT protocol. E was calculated by applying ICRP 103 tissue weighting factors as well as partial volume correction factors for organs that were not completely covered by the protocol field-of-view. E from the dual energy abdomen/pelvis CT was calculated to be 17.8 mSv ± 11.6%. This calculation was then compared to E from dose length product method, which yielded 14.62 mSv.
Raudabaugh, J; Nguyen, G; Lowry, C; Januzis, N; Colsher, J; Nelson, R; Yoshizumi, TT
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