The prognostic significance of PFS24 in follicular lymphoma following firstline immunotherapy: A combined analysis of 3 CALGB trials.
Follicular lymphoma (FL) patients treated with firstline R-CHOP who experience progression of disease (POD) within 2 years have a shorter survival than those who do not have POD within 2 years. Whether this observation holds for patients treated initially with biologic immunotherapy alone is unknown. We performed a retrospective analysis of 174 patients pooled from three frontline rituximab (R)-based nonchemotherapy doublet trials: R-galiximab (Anti-CD80, CALGB 50402), R-epratuzumab (Anti-CD22, CALGB 50701), and R-lenalidomide (CALGB 50803) to determine outcomes of early progressors and risk factors for early POD, defined as progression within 24 months from study entry. Twenty-eight percent (48/174) of patients had early POD. After adjusting for the Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI), patients with early POD from study entry had a worse OS compared with patients who did not progress within 2 years (HR = 4.33 (95% CI 1.50-12.5), P = 0.007). For early POD, the 2-year survival was 80% vs 99% for nonearly POD, and the 5-year survival was 74% vs 90%, respectively. These findings suggest that the adverse survival of patients with early POD may be independent of initial treatment modality.
Lansigan, F; Barak, I; Pitcher, B; Jung, S-H; Cheson, BD; Czuczman, M; Martin, P; Hsi, E; Schöder, H; Smith, S; Bartlett, NL; Leonard, JP; Blum, KA
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