The Association of Hydrocortisone Dosage on Mortality in Infants Born Extremely Premature.
OBJECTIVE: To characterize common dosing strategies and to investigate the association between hydrocortisone dosage and in-hospital mortality in infants born extremely premature. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective review of a cohort of infants born ≤30 weeks' gestational age from 2010 to 2016 from the Pediatrix Clinical Data Warehouse who received hydrocortisone in the first 14 postnatal days. Infants were divided by initial hydrocortisone dosage (high: >2 mg/kg/d vs low: ≤2 mg/kg/d). Baseline characteristics and medication coexposures were compared and mortality was evaluated in a multivariable analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1427 infants were included, 733 with high dosage (51%) and 694 with low dosage (49%). The groups were similar with regard to baseline characteristics. Infants in the high-dosage group had significantly more exposure to any vasopressors (89% vs 84%, P < .001) and greater mortality (50% vs 23%, P < .001) vs the low-dosage group. High dosage of hydrocortisone was associated independently with death (aOR 3.27, 95% CI 2.47-4.34, P < .001) in a multivariable regression analysis including propensity scoring for dosage and other covariates. When the cohort was split into quartiles by dosage, mortality was lower in the lower-dosage quartiles compared with the higher quartiles (mortality range 13%-50%). CONCLUSIONS: In this retrospective analysis of a large sample of infants born premature, increased initial hydrocortisone dosage was associated independently with increased mortality. Trials to assess the impact of hydrocortisone dosage in this population are needed.
Tolia, VN; Bahr, TM; Bennett, MM; Martin, G; Greenberg, RG; Laughon, MM; Clark, RH
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