Clinical Utility and Prognostic Value of Right Atrial Function in Pulmonary Hypertension.
Background Although right atrial (RA) enlargement is an established marker for adverse outcomes, the prognostic importance of RA dysfunction independent of RA size in pulmonary arterial hypertension is not known. Methods and Results Study subjects with pulmonary arterial hypertension were prospectively enrolled from 2010 to 2014. RA function was measured using RA speckle-tracking longitudinal strain and strain rate (SR) during each phase of the cardiac cycle: (1) RA reservoir (peak longitudinal strain, peak systolic SR), (2) RA conduit (peak early diastolic SR), and (3) RA active contraction (peak active contraction strain, peak contraction SR). The primary outcome was a composite of time to hospitalization or death assessed on follow-up. A total of 63 subjects had complete echocardiographic data. Of these, 91% were females, and the mean age was 58±12 years. During the follow-up period (range: 1-58 months), 39 were hospitalized or had died. After multivariable adjustment for age, sex, and left atrial size, peak longitudinal strain, peak active contraction strain, and peak early diastolic SR were significantly associated with increased risk of the composite outcome ( P=0.0005, P=0.0167, and P=0.0054, respectively). Conclusions RA dysfunction independently predicts mortality and hospitalizations in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Alenezi, F; Mandawat, A; Il'Giovine, ZJ; Shaw, LK; Siddiqui, I; Tapson, VF; Arges, K; Rivera, D; Romano, MMD; Velazquez, EJ; Douglas, PS; Samad, Z; Rajagopal, S
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