Nasal obstruction symptom evaluation (NOSE) score outcomes after septorhinoplasty.
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The time interval at which Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scores stabilize after functional septorhinoplasty has not been determined. Our goal was to characterize longitudinal trends of patient-reported outcomes of nasal obstruction using the NOSE survey instrument following functional septorhinoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort study. METHODS: Adult patients (≥18 years) with nasal obstruction who underwent functional septorhinoplasty by three different surgeons at a single academic, tertiary referral center were identified. NOSE scores were obtained preoperatively and prospectively during three postoperative intervals defined as early (1-3 months), middle (4-6 months), and late (≥10 months.) Longitudinal analysis included repeated measures analysis of variance and adjustments for multiple comparisons. RESULTS: A total of 49 patients met inclusion criteria. For the total cohort, mean NOSE scores significantly improved between preoperative and early postoperative evaluations (71.4, standard deviation [SD] ± 17.0 vs. 24.2, SD ± 19.5; P < .001) but did not significantly change between early and middle (20.6, SD ± 19.1; P = .543) or middle and late (23.1, SD ± 24.9; P > .999) time intervals. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with nasal obstruction who undergo functional septorhinoplasty can be expected to have significant improvement in self -reported nasal obstruction as early as 1 to 3 months postoperatively with a continued, durable, long-standing benefit lasting at least 10 months after surgery. Future studies can consider the 3-month time frame as a proxy for 1 year outcomes to help reduce survey burden. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2c Laryngoscope, 129:841-846, 2019.
Gerecci, D; Casanueva, FJ; Mace, JC; Annen, A; Barrett, DM; Kim, MM; Wang, TD; Smith, TL; Loyo, M
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