Black Race Is Associated with a Lower Risk of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: To use a large current prospective cohort of infants <29 weeks to compare bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) rates in black and white infants. STUDY DESIGN: The Prematurity and Respiratory Outcome Program (PROP) enrolled 835 infants born in 2011-2013 at <29 weeks of gestation; 728 black or white infants survived to 36 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA). Logistic regression was used to compare BPD outcomes (defined as supplemental oxygen requirement at 36 weeks PMA) between the races, adjusted for gestational age (GA), antenatal steroid use, intubation at birth, and surfactant use at birth. RESULTS: Of 707 black or white infants with available BPD outcomes, BPD was lower in black infants (38% vs 45%), even though they were of significantly lower GA. At every GA, BPD was more common in white infants. The aOR for BPD was 0.60 (95% CI, 0.42-0.85; P = .004) for black infants compared with white infants after adjusting for GA. Despite the lower rate of BPD, black infants had a higher rate of first-year post-prematurity respiratory disease (black, 79%; white, 63%). CONCLUSIONS: In this large cohort of recently born preterm infants at <29 weeks GA, compared with white infants, black infants had a lower risk of BPD but an increased risk of persistent respiratory morbidity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ryan, RM; Feng, R; Bazacliu, C; Ferkol, TW; Ren, CL; Mariani, TJ; Poindexter, BB; Wang, F; Moore, PE; Prematurity and Respiratory Outcome Program (PROP) Investigators,

Published Date

  • April 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 207 /

Start / End Page

  • 130 - 135.e2

PubMed ID

  • 30612812

Pubmed Central ID

  • 30612812

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-6833

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.11.025

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States