Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Pathophysiology of Dysglycemia among People Living with HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Published online

Journal Article (Review)

Objective: To review available literature on the prevalence, risk factors, pathophysiology, and clinical outcomes of dysglycemia among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Methods: Database search on PUBMED for eligible studies describing the prevalence, risk factors, pathophysiology, or clinical outcomes of dysglycemia in SSA PLHIV. Results: Prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and pre-DM among SSA PLHIV ranged from 1% to 26% and 19% to 47%, respectively, in 15 identified studies. Older age and an elevated body mass index (BMI) were common risk factors for dysglycemia. Risk factors potentially more specific to PLHIV in SSA included exposure to older-generation thymidine analogues or protease inhibitors, malnutrition at ART initiation, a failure to gain fat mass on treatment, and elevated serum lipids. There is evidence of higher nephropathy and neuropathy rates among PLHIV in SSA with comorbid DM compared to HIV-negative individuals with DM. Conclusion: There is a need for longitudinal studies to enhance understanding of the risk factors for dysglycemia among PLHIV in SSA, further research into optimal therapies to reduce pre-DM progression to DM among SSA PLHIV, and studies of the burden and phenotype of diabetic complications and other health outcomes among PLHIV with comorbid DM in SSA.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Njuguna, B; Kiplagat, J; Bloomfield, GS; Pastakia, SD; Vedanthan, R; Koethe, JR

Published Date

  • 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 2018 /

Start / End Page

  • 6916497 -

PubMed ID

  • 30009182

Pubmed Central ID

  • 30009182

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2314-6753

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1155/2018/6916497

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Egypt