Retrieval-Based Learning in Children

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Testing oneself with flash cards, using a clicker to respond to a teacher’s questions, and teaching another student are all effective ways to learn information. These learning strategies work, in part, because they require the retrieval of information from memory, a process known to enhance later memory. However, little research has directly examined retrieval-based learning in children. We review the emerging literature on the benefits of retrieval-based learning for preschool and elementary school students and draw on other literatures for further insights. We reveal clear evidence for the benefits of retrieval-based learning in children (starting in infancy). However, we know little about the developmental trajectory. Overall, the benefits are largest when the initial retrieval practice is effortful but successful.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Fazio, LK; Marsh, EJ

Published Date

  • April 1, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 28 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 111 - 116

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1467-8721

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0963-7214

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/0963721418806673

Citation Source

  • Scopus