Novel intronic DICER1 variation associated with pleuropulmonary blastoma in two siblings.
Pleuropulmonary blastomas (PPB) are rare aggressive paediatric lung malignancies associated with DICER1 variants. We present two cases, a 2-year-old girl with upper respiratory tract symptoms as well as a 6-month-old girl sibling undergoing screening due to family history of malignancy. Imaging of the 2-year-old girl revealed a large mass filling the right hemithorax which was determined to be a type II PPB after pathological examination. Imaging of the 6-month-old sibling demonstrated a small cystic lesion in the posterior basal segment of the right lower lobe which was determined to be a type 1r PPB after pathological examination. The 2-year-old girl received adjuvant chemotherapy while the baby sister underwent resection alone and both are alive and well at 12 months and 7 months, respectively. Sequence analysis in both cases confirmed the same DICER1 variation, c.2437-2A>G (likely pathogenic), which has not been previously described in the literature.
Leckey, BD; Carney, JM; Sun, JM; Pavlisko, EN
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